Despite its small landmass Bhutan has a remarkable abundance of flora and fauna and is one of the most biologically diverse regions of the world.
The terrain in Bhutan is incredibly rugged with huge variations in altitude. The northern regions of the country consist mostly of snow laden peaks and glaciers that gradually transition to subalpine conifer forests and broadleaf forests in the central region. Southern Bhutan meanwhile is lined with dense subtropical forests. This wide-range of climatic conditions allow for an unparalleled array of vegetation and wildlife to thrive within Bhutan.
The countless varieties of rare plants and endangered animals living within our forests are well protected due to the efforts of the government and the people. Official policy dictates that 60% of the country’s landmass must remain forested. However, the country currently has around 72% forest cover. Red Pandas, Barking Deer, Golden Langurs, Royal Bengal Tigers, Takins, Sheep and Himalayan Black Bears are just a few of the many rare and exotic animals that can be seen in Bhutan.
The kingdom is also an ornithological hotspot with hundreds of rare and endangered birds inhabiting its lush forests. The Pallas’s Fish Eagle, White bellied Heron, Satyr Tragopan, Grey bellied Tragopan, Ward’s Trogon, Blyth’s King Fisher, Rumped Honey Guide, Purple Cochoa, Rufous Throated Wren Babbler, Red headed Parrot Bill, Chestnut breasted Partridge, Blyth’s Trogon, Wood Snipe and the iconic Black-necked Crane are a few of the birds that can be spotted throughout the kingdom.